An Assessment of the Recent Development in the Methods of Futures Study

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD candidate in futures study, Research Center for Scientific Policy of the Country, Tehran, Iran

2 (Corresponding Author) master of business administration, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran

3 Assistant professor at the Faculty of Islamic Knowledge and Thought, University of Tehran. Iran


This study is conducted to review the recent developments in the methods applied to the researches and projects of futures study. This study began with a library research among the selected articles published in relation to the new methods credential scientific journals. Having explained a detailed description and examples of new methods, the researchers assessed the methods for futures study and the proposed paradigms. Afterwards, we focused on the concept of post-normal and presented a concept called post-method. It can be useful for solving futures study in the complex space ahead. The basis of the idea of post-method underlies the fact that due to the increasing complexity of local and global conditions and the progress of the factors affecting these problems, it is necessary to go beyond the traditional methods and provide a new concept for solving problems and a new definition for methods. To be able to respond to these growing complexities. The results revealed that the recent advances in the methods used in futures study are influenced by the four sources of information technology including the World Wide Web, combination of methods and movement towards post-normal conditions and naturally to post-method. It is noteworthy that the concept of post-normal and post-method can cover the other three sources.


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